Toronto is a Huron people's word meaning 'Meeting Place'. The first settlement in the entire Toronto area, was Teiaiagon, which was populated by the Seneca Indians and then later by the Mississauga Indians on the east bank of the Humber River.
Day 1. Drive to Toronto   (30 June 2006 Friday)
Total distance from Norfolk, MA to Toronto, Ontario is 543 miles and estimated driving time of about 10 hours.
6am depart Norfolk, MA for Niagara Falls, Ontario
3pm to 5pm check-out Niagara Falls Canadian side
Niagara Falls Ontario is located just across the river from Niagara Falls New York with the great waterfall situated right between these twin cities. The Canadian side offers the best views of Niagara Falls and has a very different character than its counterpart in the USA. Niagara Falls Ontario is much more commercialized and tourist oriented than Niagara Falls New York. On the Canadian-side, the escarpment overlooking the falls has a beautiful park with well-manicured gardens, but just behind that, the hill is covered with high-rise hotels, casinos and numerous tourist attractions. The adjacent streets are filled with museums, souvenir shops, gaming arcades, restaurants, clubs and tourist attractions of all kinds. If you don't mind all of the commercialism, Niagara Falls Ontario offers more to see and more to do than Niagara Falls New York.
A rock escarpment adjacent to the falls provides a wonderful viewing platform with panoramic views of the Horseshoe Falls as well as the smaller American Falls. This shelf of rock several hundred meters wide and a kilometer long has been converted into the beautiful Victoria Park.
Do the Falls Freeze over in the Winter? Yes and No...... The tremendous volume of water never stops flowing, However, the falling water and mist create ice formations along the banks of the falls and river. This can result in mounds of ice as thick as fifty feet. If the Winter is cold for long enough, the ice will completely stretch across the river and form what is known as the "ice bridge". This ice bridge can extend for several miles down river until it reaches the area known as the lower rapids.
5pm depart for Toronto
7pm arrive in Toronto / hotel check-in
Alexandra Hotel
77 Ryerson Avenue
Toronto, Ontario M5T 2V4
Tel (800) 567 1893 (416) 504 2121
Confirmation number PA10358
Cost per night: C$155 Total Cost for 5 nights C$155 x 5 = C$775
- conveniently located in the heart of the city
- minutes from many popular attractions and public transit
- comfortable studio units in a modern six story building equipped with efficiency kitchenette
- daily maid service and Coin laundry Room on each floor
- ample on-site parking available

Toronto, on the north shore of Lake Ontario, is the largest of Canada's vibrant urban centres. It is the hub of the nation's commercial, financial, industrial, and cultural life, and is the capital of the Province of Ontario. People have lived here since shortly after the last ice age, although the urban community only dates to 1793 when British colonial officials founded the ‘Town of York' on what then was the Upper Canadian frontier. That backwoods village grew to become the ‘City of Toronto' in 1834, and through its subsequent evolution and expansion Toronto has emerged as one of the most liveable and multicultural urban places in the world today.

Day 2. Downtown Toronto   (1 July 2006 Saturday)
morning: Royal Ontario Museum
The Royal Ontario Museum is the largest museum in Canada with an internationally renowned collection numbering more than five million objects. The Royal Ontario Museum is a place of discovery, inspiration and learning. Through its exhibitions, educational activities and associated organizations such as the Institute for Contemporary Culture, the ROM stimulates the imagination and advances understanding of science, art and archaeology.
The collections and research are the basis of the ROM’s international reputation. The collections grow by approximately 67,000 items each year and contain extraordinary objects, of scientific, cultural and artistic importance. The ROM shares and communicates its research in exhibitions, public programs, and publications.
Located on one of the most fashionable corners in Toronto and next to the University of Toronto, the ROM is a popular destination. From galleries of art, archaeology and science, showcasing the world’s culture and natural history, to exciting public programs and events, the ROM offers a truly engaging museum experience.
The Near Eastern and Asian Civilizations Department (NEAC) of the Royal Ontario Museum is responsible for all the human cultures of Asia, including the Middle East; ancient Egypt and related cultures of the Nile Valley; the Islamic world; textiles and costumes of the world; and lithic artifacts from the Old World
Textiles and costume are fundamental artifacts that have, and continue to be produced by all civilization. The ROM's collection comprises over 50,000 artifacts from around the world and across time. Strengths of the collection include a large and important holding of Chinese textiles and costume, 17th-20th centuries, particularly in the area of the Qing dynasty.
at 100 Queen's Park, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C6
Open 10am to 6pm Adults C$8 Children 5-14 C$5
afternoon: Eaton Center
Eaton Centre Located on Yonge Street between Dundas and Queen Streets, the Eaton Centre is a downtown shopping complex with more than 300 shops and restaurants under a glass ceiling. Department stores, exclusive shops, neighbourhood retailers and ethnic markets – Toronto has more than 20,000 stores catering to all fashions and tastes. Its premier shopping destination, the Eaton Centre, is a multi-levelled, glass-roofed galleria comprising more than 320 shops and restaurants, 17 cinemas, and a 400-room Marriott hotel. Built in 1979, the Eaton Centre boasts $746 of sales per square foot of retail space – the highest in North America - and is the number one tourist attraction in Toronto with one million visitors a week. Modelled after the Galleria in Milan, Italy, the Eaton Centre was among the first major downtown shopping centres constructed in North America.
evening: Medieval Times
There exist in this modern world a place where you can experience the adventure and romance of the Middle Ages. Legend has it that you can be transported back to a time where chivalry still reigns . . . a place where knights battle for their kingdom's honor, while an exceptional feast is provided in a magnificent setting. From the moment you enter Medieval Times, you'll be treated like the noblest Lord or Lady of the realm. You will be served a royal feast in the tradional manner.
The year is 1093 AD, and you are the guests of the royal family. The Lord of the Castle has invited over 1000 friends, neighbors and foes to a royal tournament. Every detail has been faithfully recreated for you entertainment and delight.
Imagine stepping back in time one thousand years, as you feast on a hearty four course banquet served by your own serf or wench.
You'll marvel as spirited stallions perform intricate maneuvers. Gaze in awe as fearless knights on horseback compete in daring tournament games of skill and accuracy. And when challenges are issued on the field of valor, you'll cheer your knight to victory as he battles for the right to choose his Queen of Love and Beauty.
Make reservation (416) 260-1234 or (800) 563-1190. Show for July 1, 2006 starts at 7:30pm. Admission Adults $63 / Children 12 and under $44. Includes four-course dinner, two-hour live show, beverages and taxes. The Toronto Ontario Medieval Times castle is located in beautiful Exhibition Place. (use discount coupon in website)

Day 3. Toronto Zoo   (2 July 2006 Sunday)
during the day Toronto Zoo
With more than 5,000 animals displayed in acres of zoological park, complete with ponds, waterfalls, and gorgeous floral displays, the Toronto Zoo is an excellent recreation spot for visitors of all ages.
There are seven tropical pavilions that encompass Africa, Americas, Indo Malaya, Australasia, Indian Rhino, Gaur, and Malayan Woods. In addition, zoo lovers can view over 40 exhibits of native and exotic fish, watch polar bears swim and dive for fish, or view seals playing through underground view windows.
The more popular attractions are Kesho Park, 30 acres of an African Savanna, where zoo-goers will witness panoramic views of rivers, waterholes, kopje rocks, an elephant highway, rhino ridden, and animals grazing in habitats especially created to resemble their natural homes. The underground zoo features exhibits such as the interior of a beaver’s lodge.
Children will enjoy walking behind the South American waterfall, located just around the corner from the Maya Temple Ruins. It’s also the coolest place in the Zoo on a hot summer day. New to the Zoo this year are two African lions, a Sumatran tiger and two new grizzly bears. In addition, children’s play areas have been upgraded.
The Toronto Zoo is so vast that it is impossible to cover it all in one day. A zoomobile is available from Easter until Thanksgiving to transport visitors from one themed pavilion to another. Pick up a map at the main gate and select your favorite exhibits before you start your walk to ensure you don’t miss anything that you wanted to see. There are several McDonald’s restaurants located throughout the Zoo. Take Highway 401 east to Meadowvale Road. Go north on Meadowvale and follow the signs to the Zoo entrance.
The Zoo is divided into six zoogeographic regions: Indo-Malaya, Africa, the Americas, Australasia, Eurasia and the Canadian Domain. Animals are displayed indoors in tropical pavilions and outdoors in naturalistic environments, with viewing at many levels.
Allow 4 hours minimum. Daily 9am-7:30pm. $19 / $11 age 4-14. Parking $8.
rest of the day around Toronto
Fort York Located northeast of Exhibition Place, a short distance from the Lake Ontario shoreline. The fort was founded in 1793 by Lt.-Governor John Graves Simcoe. Historic Fort York, the location of the Battle of York during the War of 1812 is the 1793 birthplace of modern Toronto. It is home to Canada's largest collection of original War of 1812 buildings and is designated as a National Historic site. Open year-round, Historic Fort York offers seasonal guided tours, musket, drill and music demonstrations. Explore the fort, learn about its military history and celebrate Canada Day, Victoria Day, and Doors Open Toronto with friendly & knowledgeable staff.
Rogers Centre, situated close to Lake Ontario and the CN Tower, was the first multi-purpose retractable domed stadium, and now a defining part of the Toronto skyline. It was originally called the Skydome. The dome also hosts various sporting events, concerts, and trade shows.
CN Tower The CN Tower (Canadian National Tower) is one of Toronto’s most popular tourist attractions. With approximately two million guests a year, the Tower is the tallest free-standing structure in the world (measuring 1,815 feet, 5 inches). Built in 1976 by Canadian National, their goal was to strengthen Canada’s industry by building the tallest tower in the world. The tower also served practical purposes solving communication problems.
As a result, Toronto residents are able to experience some of the clearest reception in North America. Magnificent views of the city can be seen from the Tower’s four look-out levels. Six high-speed glass-fronted elevators provide visitors with breath-taking views, as they speed to the top is 58 seconds. Those who want to go higher can transfer from the observation level to the Skypod elevator, where they’ll be transferred up an additional 33 floors. For those who have no fear of heights, the glass floor provides a view at 1122 feet straight down. There’s no need to fear, as even a herd of elephants trampling on the glass floor couldn’t break it, so they claim!
Open 8am-11pm. $16 / $11

Day 4. Canada's Wonderland   (3 July 2006 Monday)
during the day Canada's Wonderland
Pay one price (includes all regular shows except Kingswood Music Theatre), rides, and waterpark. Children under 2 get in free. (There’s paid parking at the Park). Encompassing 330 acres with more than 200 attractions, Paramount Canada’s Wonderland is Canada’s premiere theme park.
The Park is divided into eight themed areas, with every type of roller coaster and thrill ride imaginable. Canada’s Wonderland allures visitors with live music, dance shows and other entertainment, in addition to rides galore. This 121-hectare theme park features more than 200 attractions and more than 60 rides, Splash Works, an 8-hectare water park; Hanna-Barbera Land; Scooby-Doo's Haunted Mansion.
Paramount Canada's Wonderland offers plenty of things to do for the newly adventurous in KidZville and Hanna-Barbera Land.
SpongeBob Squarepants will star in a deep-sea 3D motion simulator movie ride at the Paramount Action F/X Theatre - The world's only ocean motion movie ride!
Silver Streak is Canada's first junior inverted coaster with a helix. Young thrill seekers will dive, wind and swoop through its suspended, zigzagged track. Silver Streak is located in Zoom Zone the ultimate transportation station with trains, planes and rocket ships!
Arthur's Baye Stunt Show - Zany antics, slapstick comedy, incredible gymnastics and breathtaking high diving round out this show's blend of fun and athletic expertise.
Tomb Raider: The Ride Wonderland introduces Canada's only FLYING COASTER for our 2004 season -- enjoy the thrills of a rollercoaster while experiencing the sensation of flying.
Splash Works Bring your bathing suit and ride the waves at Canada's largest outdoor wave pool. Gently float a quarter mile on The Lazy River. Or choose from over 16 thrilling water slides- from monstrous 8-storey speed slides to tube rides or relax in our quarter mile Lazy River. T here are also scaled-down slides and a splash pool just for kids
On Drop Zone, riders sit on a high-speed transport lift that travels over 16 feet per second, 230 feet in the air. At the top of the tower, guests have but moments to take in the panoramic view of the Park before it registers that what goes up must come down. Free falling at more than 100km/h, 23 stories flash by as the ground races up and catches riders in a silent, smooth stop.
The Fly takes four thrill seekers at a time over an exhilarating 50-foot drop, through hairpin twists and turns and wild, breathtaking bumps. This coaster's unique design provides each rider with the feeling that they are riding in the front car while also allowing for some of the wildest side winding turns ever experienced in a coaster.
Open 10am-10pm. $43 / $22.
evening Toronto's Harbourfront
Toronto's Harbourfront This is the real jewel of Toronto's Waterfront. Located at the base of the city it is a shopping area with arts and crafts venues. Visitors to the Centre can wander through the York Quay and watch artisans fashion clay pots and glass sculptures from fiery ovens, then take a break by stopping at one of the numerous restaurants, cafes and bars. One of the city's main shopping areas is located at Queens Quay, also the location to catch the ferry to visit the lovely Toronto Islands.
International Marketplace - Shop for delightful treasures from the four corners of the globe, choosing from Indonesian textiles, Native crafts, African artifacts, jewellery from Thailand and South America'and much more. A constantly changing selection of vendors provides an endless variety.
In the middle of a bustling festival site The World Café is the waterfront hot spot. This outdoor café offers a variety of international cuisine prepared by a rotating selection of popular Toronto restaurants and caterers.
York Quay Centre, 235 Queens Quay West – Admission is free – Visitors can explore the exhibition spaces that showcases local and international works in many disciplines including fine art, new media, craft, design and architecture. There are display cases of new and contemporary work, fine Canadian Craft work, a photography display and a new artists and new projects display which present contemporary craft work done by current and former Artists in Residence at Harbourfront Centre.

Day 5. Casa Loma and Bata Shoe Museum   (4 July 2006 Tuesday)
morning Casa Loma
Visit Canada's Majestic Castle, Casa Loma and step back in time to a period of European elegance and splendour. The former home of Canadian financier Sir Henry Pellatt, Canada's foremost castle is complete with decorated suites, secret passages, an 800-foot tunnel, towers, stables, and beautiful 5-acre estate gardens (open May through October).
It took three years, $3.5 million and more than 300 workers to build Casa Loma between 1911 and 1914. With stately towers, soaring battlements, secret passageways and sweeping terraces, the medieval style castle is a product of Sir Henry Pellatt's boyhood dreams. Some thought it was the most romantic thing to ever happen to Toronto, while others shared the opinion of one critic who called it a mixture of 17th century Scotland and 20th Century Fox. None the less it is Toronto's most glamorous landmark and a magnificent legacy of an extraordinary man.
The Gardens of Casa Loma portray a wide variety of specialty garden areas in a unique and balanced setting. The formality and elegance of the perennial borders provide a distinct contrast to the vibrant show of spring wildflowers. Artistic displays of annuals find strength in their colour schemes while the many flowering shrubs and trees provide an impressive array of foliage, texture and form. The ever-changing colours of this brilliant floral mosaic allow visitors to enjoy the beauty of the Casa Loma Gardens all season long.
at 1 Austin Terrace, Toronto, Ontario M5R 1X8, Canada
Open Daily 9:30am to 5:00pm Admission Adults C$12 / $8
afternoon Bata Shoe Museum
Discover the treasures of North America's unique shoe museum. Over 10,000 shoes are housed in architect Raymond Moriyama's award-winning four-storey structure. The Museum celebrates the style and function of footwear in four impressive galleries. Artifacts on exhibit range from Chinese bound foot shoes and ancient Egyptian sandals to chestnut crushing clogs and glamourous platforms. Over 4,500 years of history and a collection of 20th century celebrity shoes are reflected in the semi-permanent exhibition, All About Shoes.
The Bata Shoe Museum's flagship exhibition, All About Shoes is a voyage through 4500 years of footwear: its evolution, uses over time, methods and materials of manufacture, and its place in our lives and imaginations. Admire ancient funerary sandals, Chinese silk shoes, haute couture pumps and a display of celebrity shoes found in the "Star Turns" mini-theatre.
Icons of Elegance: Influential Shoe Designers of the 20th Century Of the myriad shoemakers creating footwear at any given time, only a few shoe designers capture the imagination. The footwear in this exhibition ranges from exquisite examples of handcrafted perfection to shoes that rival modern sculpture as artworks in their own right. With over 100 artifacts selected from both the Bata Shoe Museum's collection and international collections, this is the first time in North America that shoes with such significance in the history of design and Western culture have been brought together. Surprising and intellectually engaging, Icons of Elegance celebrates the extraordinary. Opening September 23, 2005 and on display until September 2006.
From Egyptian tombs, dating as far back as 5000 years, enough examples of footwear have survived to give us a clear understanding of the lifestyle of the ancient Egyptians and the relevance of their footwear. The later Greek and Roman cultures developed distinctly different styles of footwear according to the gender and social position of the wearer. Some of the names for different styles of footwear which were part of the classical vocabulary have come down to us today, such as sandalium (sandal), solea (sole), and soccus (sock).
Featuring over 200 beautifully crafted Chinese children’s shoes and garments, drawn largely from the private collection of Mr. Glenn Roberts, other private collections and from the Bata Shoe Museum, Watched by Heaven, Tied to Earth explores the many meanings and symbolism that Chinese mothers and grandmothers used to protect their precious children. Through an astonishing array of shoes, hats, bibs and accessories dating from the mid-19th century to the present, the exhibition explores long-standing traditions and beliefs that continue to resonate in China. With the majority of pieces never displayed in Canada, the abundance of colours and textures draw visitors into a playful world ruled by sewn, painted, appliquéd, and embroidered animals. Augmenting the displays of artifacts are photographs, paper cuts, and a video illustrating how shoes and garments were made and worn. A children’s activity area completes the exhibition and features Chinese masks, puppets, games and animal picture books.
The Bata Shoe Museum is located at 327 Bloor St. West, Toronto. It is on the south–west corner of Bloor St. W. and St. George, at the St. George Subway Station.
Admissions C$8 / C$4 Open Tuesdays 10am to 5pm

Day 6. Drive Back Home   (5 July 2006 Wednesday)
7am depart Toronto for Norfolk, MA
5pm Home Sweet Home

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